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The Home of Evolutioneers

Integral Theory

__Introduction:__ Integrative Spirituality has extensively integrated the emerging new Integral worldview (integral philosophy) in its spiritual design and applications. We feel that this new worldview is clearly the next evolutionary step beyond the limitations of post-modernist consciousness and postmodernist worldviews.

We have integrated this worldview and philosophy into Integrative Spirituality because its structures and principles help deepen and broaden both the personal direct spiritual experiences of God/Buddha and the social experiences of religion and spirituality. Its amazing ability to include and transcend the best off all previous wisdom in all areas of life is like nothing that has ever been seen before in the evolution of human consciousness nor that has ever been seen before in the evolution of cultural worldviews (pre-modern, traditional, modern and postmodern.)

Not only does the Integral worldview provide a new deeper and broader platform to help resolve the shortcomings and unnecessary conflicts and problems caused by religions in the post-modern age, it also provides a deeper and broader more inclusive and transcending platform to help resolve every other conflict or problem that the world faces today.

Because of the preceding, at Integrative Spirituality one of our goals is also to forward global awareness and education on the principles of the Integral worldview and philosophy as a vital tool in creating a just, sustainable, equitable and better world. The sections and links below will help introduce you to more of this complex, but amazing new emergence in human consciousness and cultural worldview progress.

This article is about integral theory in Philosophy and Psychology. It is unrelated to the concept of an integral in calculus.

Integral theory refers to those philosophies and teachings that seek a comprehensive understanding of humans and the Universe by combining scientific and spiritual insights. According to the Integral Transformative Practice website, integral means "dealing with the body, mind, heart, and soul."

Integral theory can be seen as an attempt to overcome the drawbacks of Rationalism, and introduce instead a more universal and holistic perspective. Rationalism, through Descartes' dualism, split mind (and by implication, Spirit) from body. This freed Science from religious control and enabled vast advances in our understanding of the physical world. But in doing so it subordinated, then ignored, then denied the existence of an ineffable realm. Scientism makes the error of thinking that its method is universally applicable, even in the face of mathematical proofs of the Incompleteness theorem and the Uncertainty principle which show that it, too, has its limits. Ken Wilber, one of the most important contemporary integral thinkers, begins by acknowledging and validating mystical experience, rather than denying its reality. as these experiences have occurred to humans in all cultures in all eras, they are accepted as valuable and not pathological. Integral theorists like Sri Aurobindo, Teilhard de Chardin, Wilber, and others argue that both science and mysticism (or spirituality) are necessary for complete understanding of humans and the universe.

__Integral theorists__

Integral theory is a new and developing movement. Consequently, no member of a list of integral thinkers or artworks will be uncontroversial. The following thinkers used the term "integral" to describe their work.

The word "integral" was originally used by the Hindu writer and guru Sri Aurobindo to describe the yoga he taught (integral or poorna ("complete") yoga). Aurobindo's integral yoga involves transformation of the entire being, rather than, as in most other teachings, a single faculty such as the head or the heart or the body. Aurobindo's major works include: The Life Divine, The Synthesis of Yoga, and Savitri. Important concepts in Aurobindo's thought include: philosophical evolution, Involution, the physical, the vital, the mental, the psychic, the subtle, the causal and the nondual. Founder, with The Mother, of Auroville, an international community dedicated to human unity.

Jean Gebser, Swiss phenomenologist, was the author of The Ever-present Origin, which concieved of human history as stages of consciousness. Gebser saw in the momentous events of the 1930s and '40s a revolution in consciousness which he identified as the transition to the integral stage.

Haridas Chaudhuri, a Bengali philosopher, was a correspondant with Aurobindo and founded the California Institute of Integral Studies.

Michael Murphy, author of The Future of the Body, and George Leonard, are co-founders of the Esalen Institute and the Human Potential Movement, and co-authors of The Life We Are Given.

Ken Wilber is the most visible and popular integral theorist in the world today. Wilber's books include: Sex Ecology Spirituality, Integral Psychology, and Boomeritis. His major ideas include: AQAL, Integral ecology, Integral politics, and Vision-logic. Founder of the Integral Institute, Integral Naked, and Integral University.

Clare Graves, American psychology professor, was the creator of the Emergent Cyclical Levels of Existence Theory of human development, which inspired the book Spiral Dynamics by Don Beck and Chris Cowan.

Georg Feuerstein is the author of Wholeness or Transcendence: Ancient Lessons for the Emerging Global Civilization and Structures of Consciousness: The Genius of Jean Gebser, An Introduction and Critique, and founder of the Yoga Research and Education Center and Traditional Yoga Studies.

Allan Combs is the author of The Radiance of Being: Understanding the Grand Integral Vision, Living the Integral Life.

Robert Kegan and Susan Cook-Greuter are Harvard developmental psychologists who are considered integral theorists. They are members of the Integral Institute.

__Integral artists__

Integral art can be defined as art that reaches across multiple quadrants and levels, or simply as art that was created by someone who thinks or acts in an integral way.

* Alex Grey is a psychedelic visual artist whose works have been admired by Wilber and others.
* Stuart Davis is an eclectic musician whose works include the concept album Bright Apocalypse. Mystical and integral themes feature large in his lyrics.
* Saul Williams is a hip-hop artist who is associated with the Integral Institute.
* Wilber is a big fan of the Wachowski brothers. He considers the Matrix series to convey important philosophical truths, and has done a DVD commentary track on them with philosopher Cornel West.

__Other thinkers__

Many writers and artists who did not use the word "integral" to refer to their theories nonetheless are considered by theorists to act, think or theorize in an integral way. These include contemporary thinkers like Jurgen Habermas and Rupert Sheldrake, and historical figures like Ralph Waldo Emerson and Gandhi.

The following writers contributed essential ideas to integral theory:

* James Mark Baldwin, American psychologist who described the Baldwin effect.
* Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, Jesuit priest, philosopher and author of The Phenomenon of Man. His ideas include the Noosphere, and the Omega point.
* Arthur M. Young, inventor and author of The Reflexive Universe
* Edward Haskell, author of Full Circle: The Moral Force of Unified Science
* Erich Jantsch, Austrian astronomer and author of The Self-organizing Universe: Scientific and Human Implications of the Emerging Paradigm of Evolution. His ideas include self-organization and co-evolution.
* Stanislav Grof, Czech Transpersonal psychologistnike air zoom pegasus 33 Sale -75% OFF Cheap nike pegasus 33 women's Store